INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Avoid plagiarism

El plagiarism It is the false attribution of a work or part of it.

Therefore, it is plagiarized the inclusion in the work itself of a part of the work of others to whom it has not been mentioned.

On the other hand, the right of transformation of a work is the right to its translation, adaptation or any other modification in its form which derives a different work (art. 21 LPI). Except for works that are free of intellectual property (art. 13 LPI) or that are in the public domain (art. 41 LPI), no work can be transformed without the authorization of the author or holder of the rights.

The attempt to conceal the plagiarism sometimes involves the modification of a work without the authorization or the recognition of the original author, which violates both his moral and transformational right.

Taking into account the protection object included in thearticle 10 of the Intellectual Property Law (LPI), it is necessary to consider that there are several types of documents that can be plagiarized:

  • Scientific and literary works: books, reports, conferences, magazine articles, ...
  • Dramatic and theatrical works
  • Cinematographic and audiovisual works
  • Musical compositions
  • Artistic, photographic and plastic works: images, engravings, sculptures, paintings, drawings, ...
  • Projects, plans, models and designs of architectural or engineering works
  • Charts, maps and topographic, geographic and scientific designs
  • Computer programs
  • Databases, web pages and multimedia works

Instead, original works or ideas, common knowledge or the collection of the results of an original research is not considered plagiarism.

As a creator of a new work you have to keep in mind that, in order to avoid possible plagiarism, you can only include ideas from other authors, fragments of works or images of third parties by appointment mode.

Therefore, you should always note the bibliography of the sources consulted and / or quoted, which will allow you to include the bibliography at the end of your work (bibliography that will allow readers to locate the original sources).

    Cite and prepare a bibliography

    In any case, as established by the32.1 article LPI, you can only reproduce fragmented works of art (or isolated works of a plastic or photographic figurative nature) in appointment mode or review when you meet all of these requirements:

    • The new document that includes the cited fragment must be done for educational or research purposes.
    • The amount of the original work used must be sufficiently measured.
    • The fragment or image must be used as a citation or for analysis, comment or critical judgment.
    • The original source and name of the author must be indicated.

    In relation to documents obtained from a Database or contracted publishing package By means of a license of use, remember that you can only use them respecting the conditions established in the contract signed with the provider.

    For example, in the case of images, you can not play a photograph from a photo database if the corresponding license does not allow it.

    One of the tools used to detect plagiarism is the computer programs created for this purpose.

    The faculty and PAS of the UPC It has the anti-loyalty software Urkund , from which you can find more information on the web page:

    Urkund to la UPC

    Other free programs that you can find on the web are:

    AntiPlagiarist 1.8

    It detects, among others, the HTML, DOC, TXT and WPD formats.

    Copygator

    It allows you to monitor your own RSS feeds and locate the places where your own content has been published.

    Copyscape

    It offers a review of texts that are found on the web.

    DOC Cop

    Generates reports that show correlation and match between documents or between a document and the web.

    Dupli Checker

    Locate texts that can be found on web pages, with the possibility of limiting the search to a specific search engine.

    JPlag:

    It finds similarities between sets of source code files, which allows detecting the plagiarism of computer programs.

    Moss (Measure of Similarity Software)

    determines the similarity of computer programs.
    PaperRater plagiarism detector and grammar checker
    Plagiarism Software It detects matches based on a text or file, with the possible exclusion of a specific URL

    Plagiarisma

    It detects matches based on a specific text, file and / or URL

    Plagium

    Searches for a specific text on the network and returns the found documents where exact or similar content appears.

    The Plagiarism Checker

    designed for the University of Maryland at College Park (Department of Education) that facilitates web addresses where a text previously introduced by the user appears.
    Quetext It detects coincidences based on specific texts
    WCopyfind Once the documents that you want to contrast are specified, it provides reports in html format where the underlined matching phrases are displayed

    Other commercial plagiarism detection programs are:

    CopyCatch Glatt Plagiarism EVE Plagiarism Detection System Grammarly
    iThenticate Plagiarism Detect Turnitin Urkund

    Lumen is a database that offers information on the alleged dissemination of content on the network without the authorization of the corresponding owner.

    This research project mainly includes requests for removal of content online, sent to content publishers and service providers, which details who made the request and why (without authenticating the origin of the notice or doing no judgment on the validity of the claim made).

    Contrary to what is usually thought, it is not necessary to carry out administrative procedures to register the authorship of a work.

    However, there are several means whereby authors who wish to do so can register their works, identify them in a unique way, as well as grant licenses for use with which to detail the uses allowed to their users

    Protect authoring of publications


    Last update: 18 / 10 / 2019