RESEARCHERS

Bibliographical references

Here you will find how to cite the different types of documents according to the UNE-ISO 690:

  • The reference must allow to identify the cited material. The examples show the minimum elements that must be included. Optional items have been omitted (for example, collection).
  • If the document hasISBN, ISSN o DOI, it must be indicated in the reference.
  • The main source to obtain the data to prepare the reference is the same document that is cited.
  • If there is information that does not appear (for example, the site of editing a website), it is not necessary to put it.
  • You can complete a reference with data from other sources of information, adding it in square brackets.
  • If in a bibliography documents in different supports (paper, electronic, etc.) are mentioned, you have to indicate the type of support after the title or subtitle, for example: [online], [DVD].
  • In general, the elements to cite an online document are the same as paper documents, but it is mandatory to include the URL and the reading date.

Websites, programs and applications

Citing a whole web site

Main author/s. Title [on line]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Update / revision date. ISBN or other standard identifier. [Reading date]. Availability and access.

SEAT, SA SEAT [on line]. Martorell: SEAT, 2018. [Retrieved: 5 November 2018]. Available to: <https://www.seat.es/>.
Citing a web page (part of a website)

Main author/s of the contribution. Title of the contribution. (In :) Main author/s. Title [on line]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Update / revision date. ISBN or other standard identifier. [Retrieving date]. Availability and access.

Enginyeria. In: Wikipedia [on line]. Wikimedia Foundation, 2018. [Retrieved: 10 December 2018]. Available to: <https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Enginyeria>.

If you are citing documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, you have to indicate the type of support after the title or subtitle, for example: [online].

Holder of rights (person, company, group or company). Title of the program or application [type of support]. Version. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Update / revision date (mandatory, if available, for online resources). [Retrieving date]. Availability and access.

Glority Software Limited. Picture this - plant identification (Version varies with device) [Mobile application software]. [Retrieved: 20 September of 2018]. Available at: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=cn.danatech.xingseus
Plantnet.project.org (2018). PlantNet plant identification [Mobile application software]. (Version 2.3.1). [Retrieved: 20 September of 2018]. Available at: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=org.plantnet

Messages to websites or social networks

Twitter, Facebook, blogs, etc.

Author of the message (Username). "Content or title of the post" [specific electronic resource type]. (In:) Name of the place where the message is posted [online]. Post publication date (including year, month and day) [Retrieving date]. Availability and access.

Athar, S. (ReallyVirtual). "Helicopter hovering above Abbottabad at 1AM (is a rare event)" [tweet]. In: Twitter [online]. 1 May 2011; 21: 58 CET [Retrieved: 7 May 2011; 17: 59 CET]. Available to: <https://twitter.com/#!/reallyvirtual/status/64780730286358528>.
UPC. Libraries, Publications and Archives Service (library). "The 15 in June visits the EPSEB! If you are thinking about doing the Degree in Building Science and Technology or the Degree in Geomatics Engineering and Topography and want to see what you will do and where you will do it, come to the Open Days at EPSEB. We look forward to the next 15 in June from 12 to 14h. Make the reservation: http://www.epseb.upc.edu/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1856&.... In: Facebook [online]. 4 June 2013 [Retrieved: 6 September 2013]. Available to: <https://www.facebook.com/bibliotequesUPC/posts/616899861656128/>.
Matas, J. "Ràdios impertinents" [blog post]. In: Legalment [online]. 30 January 2015 [Retrieved: 6 February 2015; 17: 59 CET]. Available to: <http://www.legalment.net/2015/01/>.
Emails, distribution lists

Author of the message (Username). Message title (get it from the "Subject" field). (In:) Title of the system where the message is posted [online]. Date of transmission of the message (including year, month and day, optional time). [Retrieving date]. Availability and access.

Dolio. Espesor de un relleno compactado bajo losa de cimentación. In: IngenieríaGeologica.com [online]. 10 January 2015; 17: 01 [Retrieved: 9 February 2015; 12: 29 CET]. Available to: <http://ingenieriageologica.mforos.com/1174391/11573946-espesor-de-un-relleno-compactado-bajo-losa-de-cimentacion/>.
Parker, E. Re: Citing Electronic Journals. To: PACS-L (Public Access Computer Systems Forum) [online]. 24 November 1989; 13: 29: 35 CST [Retrieved: 1 Jan 1995; 16: 15 EST]. Available to: <telnet: //brsuser@a.cni.org>.
Pritchard, S. Your request for information about ISO standards [electronic message]. 18 February 1995. Message for Margaret Morrison [Retrieved: 3 March 1995]. Personal communication.

Books and chapters

On paper

Main author/s. Book title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. ISBN or other standard identifier.

Estela Carbonell, M. R. Fonaments de càlcul per a l'enginyeria. Barcelona: Editions UPC, 2008. ISBN 9788483019696.
Navés Viñas, F. et al. El árbol en jardinería y paisajismo: guía de aplicación para España y países de clima mediterráneo y templado. Barcelona: Omega, 1992. ISBN 8428208786.
Talayero, A. P.; Telmo, E., coords. Energías renovables: energía eólica. Zaragoza: Prensa Universitaria de Zaragoza, 2008. ISBN 9788492521210.
UNESCO. Hacia las sociedades del conocimento: informe mundial de la Unesco. Paris: UNESCO, 2005. ISBN 9233040003.
Electronic

It is cited just as a paper book, but in the case of online books, the retrieving date and the URL must be included.

If you are citing documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, you have to indicate the type of support after the title or subtitle, for example: [online].

Reed, M., ed. Organic food and agriculture [on line]. Rike: InTech, 2012. ISBN 9789533077642 [Retrieved: 19 April 2013]. Available to: <http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/1526>.

Sanz Balagué, Joaquim; Tomasa Guix, Oriol. Elements i recursos minerals: aplicacions i reciclatge [on line]. 3 ed. reviewed and updated. [Manresa]: Zenobita, 2017. ISBN 9788494678806 [Retrieved: 12 March 2019]. Available to: <hdl.handle.net/2117/105113>.

Author / s of the chapter. Title of the chapter. In: Main author/s. Book title. Editiion. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. ISBN or other standard identifier.

On paper
Boyce, E. S.; Katz, R. M.; Mellon, C. The place of bibliographic instruction in the university curriculum. In: Mellon, C., ed. Bibliographic instruction: the second generation. Littleton: Libraries Unlimited, 1987, p. 60-70.
Electronic
E l desarrollo del acceso abierto a la información científica y a la investigación. In: Swan, A. Directrices para políticas de desarrollo y promoción del acceso abierto [on line]. Paris: Unesco, cop. 2013, p. 13-18. ISBN 9789591809285 [Retrieved: 4 December 2013]. Available to: <http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002225/222536S.pdf>.

Journal article, newspaper

Author/s of the article. Title of the article. Journal title. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. ISSN or other standard identifier.

On paper
Carrasco, C. La paradoja del cuidado: necesario pero invisible. Revista de economía crítica. March 2006, no. 5, p. 39-64. ISSN 1696-0866.
Mahmood, K. The best library software for developing countries: more than 30 plus points of Micro CDS / ISIS. Library software review. Wesport: Meckler, 1997, vol. 16, no. 1, p. 12-16. ISSN 0742-5759.
Electronic

It is cited like a journal article on paper, but in the case of online articles, the date and the retrieving address must be included.

If you are citing documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, you have to indicate the type of support after the title or subtitle, for example: [online].

Carrasco, C. La paradoja del cuidado: necesario pero invisible. Revista de economía crítica [on line]. March 2006, no. 5, p. 39-64. ISSN 2013-5254 [Retrieved: 19 September 2014]. Available to: <http://revistaeconomiacritica.org/sites/default/files/revistas/n5/2_paradoja_del_cuidado.pdf>.
Font, J.; Santos, S.; Barcons, V.; Thomson, N. H.; Verdaguer, A.; Chiesa, M. Spatial horizons in amplitude and frequency modulation atomic force microscopy. Nanoscale [on line]. 26 January 2012, vol. 4, no. 7, p. 2463-2469. eISSN 2040-3372, [Retrieved: 15 October 2015]. Available to: <http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2nr12012g>.

Author/s of the article. Title of the article. Title of the newspaper or weekly newspaper. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication, location of the article in the magazine (volume, pages). ISSN or other standard identifier.

Elola, J. La oficina virtual. El País semanal. Barcelona: Diario El País, 23 March 1997, no. 1069, p. 52-59. ISSN 1134-6590.
El paro baja en Catalunya hasta niveles inferiores a 1980. El País. Barcelona: Prisa, 8 April 1997, p. 53. ISSN 0045-0367.

Conferences

Author/s of the paper. Title of the paper. (In:) Main author/s. Title of poceedings book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, year. ISBN or other standard identifier.

On paper
López-Aguilera, E.; Heusse, M.; Rousseau, F.; Duda, A.; Casademont, J. Performance of wireless LAN access methods in multicell environments. In: Proceedings of the Global Telecommunications Conference, 2006: GLOBECOM'NUMX. New York: IEEE, 06, p. 2006-1.
Electronic
Castro-Sánchez, J. J. Aprendiendo comercio electrónico en los grados de ingeniería informática. In: XXII Jornadas de la Enseñanza Universitaria de la Informática. JENUI 2016, Almería, 6-8 July 2016. "Actas de las XXII JENUI" [on line]. Almería: Universidad de Almería, 2016, p. 3-10. ISBN 9788416642304. [Retrieved: 5 November 2018]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/2117/89851>.

Main author/s. Title of poceedings book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, year. ISBN or other standard identifier.

In the event that no person or organizer can be identified as the main creator of the proceedings of a congress, the name of the congress will be treated as the first element.

On paper
Vázquez Vázquez, M.; Santos Navarro, J., eds. Re-construyendo el futuro sostenible. Vigo: University of Vigo, 2012. ISBN 9788461590551.
International Conference on Scientific Information. Washington DC, 1958.
Electronic

They are cited just as the paper proceedings, but if they are online, the date and URL must be included.

If you cite documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, the type of support must be indicated after the title or subtitle, for example: [online], [CD-ROM], [USB].

Castells Sanabra, M.; Martínez de Osés, F., eds. Maritime Transport VII [on line]. Barcelona: IDP, 2016. ISBN 9788498805918. [Retrieved: 5 November 2018]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/2117/89047>.
European Congress of the Regional Science Association International: ERSA 2011: New challenges for European regions and urban areas in a globalised world [USB]. Barcelona: ERSA, 2011.

Academic work (TFG, thesis ...)

Author. Title. Note of the type of work, academic institution in which it is presented, year of reading.

Most academic works are unpublished. In case of citing a published thesis, cite it as a book . It is recommended to indicate that it is originally a thesis and where it was presented.

On paper
Torres, J. Automatic extraction of parallelism in sequential numerical loops with recurrences. Doctoral thesis, UPC, Department of Computer Architecture, 1993.
Saborit Molist, J. La Casa Comella de Vic. Final degree work, UPC, Polytechnic College of Building of Barcelona, ​​Department of Architectural Expression II, 2012.
Electronic

It is cited just as the thesis or work on paper, but in the case of online documents, the date and URL must be included.

If you cite documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, the type of support must be indicated after the title or subtitle, for example: [online], [CD-ROM], [USB].

Domingo Salvador, A. Development of an application for Android to perform 2-D graphics of chemical systems [online]. Final degree work, UPC, Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería Industrial de Barcelona. Departamento de Ingeniería Química, 2015 [Consulta: 26 febrero 2016]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/2117/79926>.
Garcés Alzamora, A. The city theater: the place of the scene and other places [online]. Doctoral thesis, UPC, Department of Architectural Projects, 2015 [Consultation: 26 February 2016]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/10803/334981>.

Research data

The citations of used datasets must appear in the bibliography of the resulting publication. Each set and subset of data (dataset) must be quoted independently. For research data, we follow the recommendations of DataCite.

Creator (s) (Year of publication). Title [Dataset]. Editor. Identifier

Denhard, M. (2009). dphase_mpeps: MicroPEPS LAF-Ensemble run by DWD for the MAP D-PHASE project [Dataset]. World Data Center for Climate. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/WDCC/dphase_mpeps>.
Geofon operator (2009). GEFON event gfz2009kciu (NW Balkan Region) [Dataset]. GeoForschungsZentrum Potsdam (GFZ). <http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/GFZ.GEOFON.gfz2009kciu>.
Irino, T.; Tada, R. (2009). Chemical and mineral compositions of sediments from ODP Site 127-797 [Dataset]. Geological Institute, University of Tokyo. <http://dx.doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726855>.

Technical reports

The reports They are cited as a book. It is important to include the title and the collection number to be able to locate them.

The title of the collection can be abbreviated, for example: "AFL-CIO report" for the "American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations report".

Díaz, J. Complejidad concreta y complejidad abstracta: un panorama actual . Barcelona: Universitat Politècnica de Barcelona. Barcelona School of Informatics, ​​1982. RT82 / 02.
Mitchell, D.; Loader, A. Investigation of pollutant emissions from crematoria. Stevenage: Warren Spring Lab., 1993. WSLLR-908 (PA).

Patents, standards and legislation

Main responsible (applicant or holder of the patent). Title of the patent. Identification of the patent (name / code of the country of origin or that of the issuing office, type of patent / official designation of the series in which the patent and serial number of the patent are numbered). Publication date.

On paper
Ugine Gueugnon, S. A. Procedimiento de decapado de productos de acero inoxidable. Spain, invention patent ES2000222A6. TWO-MONTHS-TWO.
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Device for continuous measurement of heart-beat rate, has parallel strip electrodes concealed inside material seat and positioned transversely to thigh, where heart-beat rate is determined based on impedance plethysmography. Int CI: A61B-005 / 0295; A61B-005 / 0408; A61B-005 / 053. Spain, invention patent ES2384834-A1; ES2384834-B2. TWO-MONTHS-TWO.
Electronic

It is cited just as the patent on paper, but if it is online, the date and URL must be included.

If you cite documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, the type of support is indicated after the title or subtitle, for example: [online].

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Method and devide for estimating the transit time of the arterial pulse from measurements obtained in distal zones of the extremities [online]. Inventors: R. Pallàs Areny, R. Casanella Alonso and J. Gómez Clapers. Spain, invention patent WO / 2017 / 081353; PCT / ES2016 / 070804. 2017-05-18 [Query: 3 November 2017]. Available to: <https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017081353&recNum=2&office=&queryString=ALL%3A%28pallas+areny%29&prevFilter=&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&maxRec=57>.

Responsible entity. Title. Editing Place of publication: Editorial, date of publication. Code of the norm (if not part of the title). ISBN or other standard identifier.

On paper
Spanish Association for Standardization and Certification. UNE-ISO 690: Información y documentación. Directrices para la redacción de referencias bibliográficas y de citas de recursos de información. Madrid: AENOR, May 2013.
International Organization for Standardization. ISO 690: 1987 (F): Documentation - Références bibliographiques, contenu, forme et structure. Genève: ISO, 1987.
Electronic

It is cited just as the standard on paper, but if it is online, the retrieving date and URL must be included.

If you cite documents in different media (paper, electronic, etc.) in your bibliography, the type of support is indicated after the title or subtitle, for example: [online].

Spanish Association for Standardization and Certification. UNE 69001: 2001: Neumáticos, llantas y válvulas. Neumáticos para vehículos.Terminología y definiciones [on line]. Madrid: AENOR, 2001 [Retrieved: 12 november 2017]. Available to: <https://www.aenor.es/aenor/normas/normas/fichanorma.asp?tipo=N&codigo=N0024919&PDF=Si#.WglJoIiDNRA>.

Videos, maps and images

Main author/s. Title [type of support]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Standardized number.

Goldwyn, T. Betty Anne Waters [movie]. Written by Pamela Gray. Barcelona: RBA Magazines, cop. 2012. 1 video clip (DVD).

If it is an online video, the retrieving date and URL are added:

Garrido Soriano, N. Eficiència energètica [on line]. Barcelona: UPC, 2012 [Query: 9 February 2015]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/2099.2/3121>.
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya; Barcelona University. BKC: Barcelona Knowledge Campus [on line]. Barcelona: UPC, 2012 [Query: 9 February 2015]. Available to: <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MYI0kMYVuok>.

Main author/s. Title of the document. Designation of the cartographic series. Scale. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. ISBN or other standard identifier.

On paper
Cartographic Institute of Catalonia. Local and judicial map of Catalonia. 1 scale: 500 000. Barcelona: ICC, 1990. 610x570 mm.
Cartographic Institute of Catalonia. Map of Catalonia of satellite image. Cartographic satellite image series. MONTHS: TWO MONTHS. Barcelona: ICC, 1-100. 000 map in 1986 sheets. 1987 x 1 mm. Map made from the images captured by the TM sensor of the LANDSAT-27 satellite.
Geological Institute of Catalonia. Hydrogeological map of Catalonia. Series Geological map of Catalonia 1: 25 000. Geotreball V. MONTHS: TWO MONTHS. Barcelona: IGC, 1-. 25 map in sheets. 000 x 2010 mm, sheet 1 x XNUMx mm (folded to 370 x 550 mm). Equidistance of the level curves: 730 meters.
Electronic

It is cited as a paper map, but the type of support and the retrieving date and URL are added.

Government of Catalonia. Department of Territorial Policy and Public Works, 2003. Hipermapa: atles electrònic de Catalunya [online]. [Barcelona]: DPTOP [Retrieved: 8 November 2018]. Available to: <http://sig.gencat.cat/visors/hipermapa.html>.
Cartographic and Geographic Institute of Catalonia, 1930b, reproduced in 2007. Vilafranca del Panadès: city map [online]. Scale 1: 500 approx. Barcelona: ICGC [Retrieved: 26 May 2015]. Available to: <http://cartotecadigital.icc.cat/cdm/ref/collection/catalunya/id/1399>.
Cartographic Institute of Catalonia, 2014. Mapa topogràfic de Catalunya [online]. 1 scale: TWO TWO 1. Barcelona: ICG [Retrieved: 000 February 000]. Available to: <http://www.icc.cat/vissir3/index.html?QiQ0UlLNq>.

Independent images

Main author/s. Image title [type of support or print technique]. Edition or version. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication. Standardized number.

Miró, J. Joan Miró: pintura, escultura, ceràmica, obra gràfica, cartells, tapisseria, teatre : juny-setembre 1982: Fundació Joan Miró Center for Contemporary Art Studies [poster]. Barcelona: Joan Miró Foundation, 1982.

If the image is electronic, we add the date of update or revision and the retrieving date and URL.

Audouard Deglaire, P. Retrato de Antonio Gaudí (1878) [photography]. San Francisco: Wikimedia Foundation, 1878, reproduced in 2008. Photography in the public domain [Retrieved: 27 November 2014]. Available to: <http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antoni_Gaud%C3%AD#mediaviewer/File:Gaud%C3%AD_%281878%29.jpg>.
The image is part of another resource

Author/s of the work. Image title [type of support or print technique]. (In:) Author (s) of the source document. Title of the source document. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, date of publication, location of the part in the source document (volume, pages, etc.). ISBN or other standard identifier.

Pagnard, A. J. Esquema del puerto proyectado por el ingeniero Pagnard [illustration]. In: Quaderns d’història de l’enginyeria [online]. Barcelona: Research Center for the History of the Technique "Francesc Santponç i Roca", 2012, volume 13, p. 177. ISSN 1135-934.
De Potier. Sopar de gala del VIII Congrés de la IAF (Barcelona, ​​1957) [photography]. In: Carreras Planells, R. El coet espacial: visionaris, projectes pioners i astronàutica [online]. Barcelona: Iniciativa Digital Politècnica, 2011, p. 84 [Retrieved: 27 November 2014]. Available to: <http://hdl.handle.net/2099.3/36570>.


Last update: 27 / 03 / 2019