Organization of information

Once you have collected the information you need, you have to work to get it to your own conclusions.

  1. You have to read, understand and synthesize the information.
  2. Record the bibliographic references of all the documents you consult.
  3. Add ideas from other authors to your text citing them correctly.
  4. Make the bibliography to include it at the end of your work.

In the reading process, the main ideas of the document are extracted.

To get the most relevant information possible:

  • make a first quick reading to get a general idea about what the document is about;
  • take a second reading taking the necessary notes to synthesize the author's idea; consult the dictionary whenever necessary.

Extract the main ideas that allow you to understand, simplify and later remember the content of a document.

It may be useful for you to do:

  • Annotations: Point the ideas of the author of the document on a topic. They help to remember an idea, evaluate the author's thinking, be more attentive to reading.
  • Abstracts: brief text that synthesizes the main contents of the document. It must be brief, clear, objective and faithful to the document. It must include all the sections of the original document, use the same point of view as the author and have a thread. The original document must be cited. It is recommended that it does not occupy more than 3% of the original extension.
  • Schemes: The information is the same as in a summary, but the words are linked by arrows and keys.
  • Synoptic tables: they are used to compare ideas and points of view from various sources on the same subject, compare products, benefits, etc.
  • Concept maps: They represent the relationships between concepts hierarchically. They are used above all when we want to see closely related concepts and evolutionary processes. Tools to create them: Draw, FreeMind, XMind.
  • Graphics: diagrams that represent the numerical data that appears in the documents. Useful to analyze the relationship between data.

You can also include citations and paraphrases within your work:

  • Quote textually a fragment consists of copying the text in quotation marks and indicating the source from which it was extracted.
  • Una paraphrases consists in explaining the content of the document but without using the same words.

The bibliography is a list of documents cited and consulted during the preparation of an academic paper. Find out how to cite and compile the bibliography.

Last update: 28 / 04 / 2022