Extract the main ideas that allow you to understand, simplify and later remember the content of a document.
It may be useful for you to do:
- Annotations: Point the ideas of the author of the document on a topic. They help to remember an idea, evaluate the author's thinking, be more attentive to reading.
- Abstracts: brief text that synthesizes the main contents of the document. It must be brief, clear, objective and faithful to the document. It must include all the sections of the original document, use the same point of view as the author and have a thread. The original document must be cited. It is recommended that it does not occupy more than 3% of the original extension.
- Schemes: The information is the same as in a summary, but the words are linked by arrows and keys.
- Synoptic tables: they are used to compare ideas and points of view from various sources on the same subject, compare products, benefits, etc.
- Concept maps: They represent the relationships between concepts hierarchically. They are used above all when we want to see closely related concepts and evolutionary processes. Tools to create them: OpenOffice.org Draw, FreeMind, XMind.
- Graphics: diagrams that represent the numerical data that appears in the documents. Useful to analyze the relationship between data.
You can also include citations and paraphrases within your work:
- Quote textually a fragment consists of copying the text in quotation marks and indicating the source from which it was extracted.
- An paraphrases consists in explaining the content of the document but without using the same words.