MANUEL RIBAS AND PIERA FUNDS

Selection of works

SERLIO, Sebastiano. The third book of Sebstiano Serlio Bolognese ...

SERLIO, Sebastiano. Il terzo libro di Sabastiano Serlio Bolognese: nel qual si, figurano le antiquita di Roma, and le che che sono in Italia, and fuori di Italia: con noue additioni, come ne tauola appare.

In Venetia: [Printed by Francesco Marcolini ...], 1544

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It is the first popular-language printed compendium that contains wood engravings with images of the older buildings in Rome and Italy. It also includes projects by Bramante, Rafael and Peruzzi. Among the contemporary works in the treaty, Saint Peter of Rome stands out.

The third book, dedicated to Francis I (king of 1515 to 1574) who brought Serlio to France to work at Fontainebleau until 1547, contains perspectives that were new to the study of architecture and ancient art in his day.

The significance of this book lies in the fact that the representation of architecture had not been used before as an informative medium aimed at an audience. That is, the illustrations are as central as the text.

The cover shows a ruin with pilasters and arcs with the inscription: Rome how much escaped ipsa ruina docet ("even its ruins show us what was ancient Rome. ") with the intention of attracting the reader.

In the library we keep two copies of this book from the Manual Ribas i Piera collection. One of the copies is linked with two more works by Sebastiano Serlio:

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vitruvianVITRUVI POLLIÓN, Marco. I Dieci libri dell'architettura di M. Vitruvio / tradutti et commentatti da Monsignor Barbaro ...; with due tavole, the one di tutto quello if it contains per i capi nell'opera, the other by dechiaratione di tutte le cose de importanza

In Vinegia: By Francesco Marcolini, 1556

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The Venetian translator and commentator Daniele Barbaro is the third great Italian interpreter of Vitruvius in the XNUMXth century and the first intellectual to be no architect.

The Vitruvius of Barbarian and the Quattro libri dell'architettura de Palladio published in 1570 complement each other so that the respective contributions of the two authors to Vitruvi's comment are inseparable.

This first edition of the work is illustrated with wood engravings based on Vitruvi's drawings.

Seconds David Rosand: "for the preparation of this volume, which could have begun in 1547, Barbaro participated with Palladio, to whom he not only owes the most important illustrations, but also contributed his experience and knowledge so much in archeology and architecture Barbaro especially praises Palladio's work on the ancient Roman theater, but as impressive as the illustrations is Barbaro's own commentary, essentially Aristotelian, in that one line and even one Vitruvian words become a discovery. "

In 1567 Francesco di Franceschi and Giovanni Chreigher published in Venice the second revised and enlarged edition in a smaller format. The same publishers also produced a Latin edition in the same year. Later editions appeared in 1584, 1629 and 1641, all in Venice.

The first known Spanish translation is a manuscript published between 1584 and 1600 that is preserved in the National Library of Spain.

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PALLADIO, Andrea. I Quattro libri dell'architettura: ne 'quali, I add a brief tract of cinque ordini & di quelli avertimenti che sono piu necesj nel fabricare si tratta delle case private delle vie, of i ponti, delle piazze, de i xisti et de templi

In Venetia: appresso Domenico de Franceschi, 1570

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First edition of Four Books who had a great influence on the architects and architecture of the later centuries immediately after his publication, and made Palladio the most imitated architect of all time.

The Palladian canon for ancient orders proved very useful. The fundamental reason was in the illustration: the symmetry and harmony of the designs of Palladio, with its very didactic schematic conception, was especially practical for the construction of palaces, villas, bridges, civil buildings at the same time as temples and Christian churches.

Palladio began work on this treaty in 1550 when he was collaborating with Daniele Barbaro on the illustration of the Vitruvius edition of 1556. It was written for a long period of time.

Although Palladio's initial idea was to create a broader architecture treaty (in the style of the Sixteen libri Vitruvius), which did not diminish, did not diminish the central importance of this work.

It is known that the manuscript was circulated in 1555 thanks to the mention of that same year by AF Dion. Giorgio Vasari read it, already revised, in Venice about 1566.

One year after Palladio's death in 1580, his children prepared an expanded edition with a fifth book that his father would have completed before his death, but it was never published.

Later the work was reedited in many occasions as much in Italy as in other countries. According to James S. Ackerman: "The luxurious London edition of 1715 translated by Giacomo Leoni was the precursor to the" revival "of Palladio in England where, a century ago, Iñigo Jones had already been commissioned to introduce and widely disseminate the work palladiana. " TheLeoni edition it is also available in the library within the same collection as Manuel Ribas i Piera.

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ALBERTI, Leon Battista. The ten books on architectureAlberti, Leon Battista. The Ten Books on Architecture. Madrid: in house of Alonso Gomez ..., 1582

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First printed and ninth Spanish translation of the Albertian treaty, published at the house of Alonso Gómez, printer of the king. It includes dedication to Juan Fernández de Espinosa (treasurer between 1578 and 1582 of Felipe II) surely with the aim of securing his patronage (a common thing at the time). Philip II himself gives free access to the edition in Madrid on October 17, 1578, which will take four years to be printed.

The work mentions that it has the approval of Juan de Herrera, which is remarkable since Herrera was the main figure in the architecture of the moment, closely linked to Philip II.

Work of vital importance in the Spanish context of the sixteenth century since, according to Fernando Marías a The long sixteenth century. The artistic uses of the Spanish Renaissance): [...] leaving behind the plateresque decorativism that, in general, acted only on surfaces, on the skin of architecture, and rarely in structures; in some way, the dictates of the Measurements of the Roman (Toledo, 1526) by Diego de Sagredo were surpassed. […].

Somehow he postulates the classicism of the reign of Philip II, confirmed by the later translation of the Rule vignolesca (also promoted by Juan de Herrera).

The edition has no engravings and this highlights the conceptual role of the text.

Source: Suárez Quevedo, Diego. About the first editions of Leon Battista Alberti's Re-edification. Faculty of Geography and History, UCM Online query

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SIRIGATI, Lorenzo. The practice of prospecting by Cavaliere Lorenzo Sirigati.

Venice: Girolamo Franchesci, 1596

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First edition of this book, which was dedicated to Ferdinando de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany. In the first XNUMX sheets the basic principles are carefully explained and, after passing through arches, vaults, capitals, doors and facades, he makes representations of the violin and the lute.

The second book (without text) shows the application of various techniques to different parts of buildings and to a wide variety of open and closed polyhedrons.

Baltrusaitis in your article Anamorphoses, 1955, pages 58-70, cite sheet 43 as a precursor example of perspective "accelerated".

Seconds Paul Breman: "Sirigatti's treatise was well received by both his images and his good sense. For Renaissance painters and architects, perspective was one of the most highly regarded sciences, and Sirigatti occupied a prominent place with full rights. among the foremost authors in the field. His work was re-fashioned in the XNUMXth century, being praised primarily for its simplicity and its fundamentally practical approach. "

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LE MUET, Pierre. Maniere de bastir pour toutes sortes de personae. Paris: Melchior Tavernier, 1623

The purpose of this book was to provide essential information on everything related to urban construction to bourgeois customers and fans. The work follows the basic format: a series of floors and elevations, accompanied by comments, of a wide variety of types of houses. But this work stands out, compared to Le Muet's predecessors (like Serlio in his book VI All degrees of men, of the Orme with Pour the grands and the little ones of 1567 or Jacques Androuet de Cerceau a Soît of small, moyen ou great state 1559) which includes more variety of models and also targets potential clients with lower budgets who were not allowed to hire architects.

Proof of this is that many of the sheets consist of a narrow facade with no architectural ornament and a single room on each floor.

This treaty was an essential source of information on home architecture under the reign of the first two Bourbons in France: Henry IV (who reigned from 1589 to 1610) and Louis XIII (who reigned from 1610 to 1643). guide for many architects up to about 1680.

Le Muet added engravings to the Parisian hotels he had designed in the second edition of 1647, which was followed by the editions of 1663 (with some supplemental sheets with cover models) and 1681.

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KIRCHER, Athanasii. New PhonurgiaKircher, Athanasius. Athanasii Kircheri Phonurgia nova, sive, Conjugium mechanico-physicum artis & natvræ paranympha phonosophia concinnatum: quâ universa sonorum natura, proprietas, vires effectuúm [que] prodigiosorum causæ, novâ & multiplici experimentorum exhibitione enucleantur adurummurum: [instrument] adaptandarum, tum ad sonos ad remotissima spatia propagandos, tum in abditis domorum recessibus by occultioris ingenii machinamenta clam palámue sermocinandi modus & ratio traditur, tum denique in bellorum tumultibus singurlaris hujusmodi organorum usus, & praxis per nouam phonologiam
Campidonae: by Rudolphum Dreherr, 1673

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The edition of Phonurgia Nova (1673) by Athanasius Kircher (Geisa, Germany 1602-Rome, Italy 1680) demonstrates the degree of Jesuit fantastic commitment and scholarship to liberal scholars and scientists who defined the boundaries of knowledge in mid-XNUMXth-century Europe. Considered in his time as one homo universalis, his studies in medicine, astronomy, mathematics, history, architecture, music, mineralogy, etc. are known. among many others.

The title of the work contains the neologism "Phonurgia", composed of the Greek words φovή (sound) and ỏpγή (work, energy). Written in Latin, its subtitle translates as "new mode of sound production", recognizing towards the end of the book "phonurgia as facultas mirabilium by sonos operatrix", Which means" the ability to cause the wonderful by means of sounds. " For Kircher, sound was not simply a physical phenomenon, but something that was deeply connected to human nature.

Kircher's works express the Baroque view of the "wonderful world", from machinist inventions that manifest a happy synthesis between science and magic: to surprise, convince people of unlikely things, and finally, to explain the arcane that lies between hermeticism and the exact sciences. His artifacts, housed inside a museum named after his author, could hardly be included in a genealogy of experimental science, but nevertheless they enlightened future generations of artists and architects, in the spirit of illustration until the surrealism of the twentieth century.

Source: Tronchin, Lamberto. Athanasius Kircher's New Phonurgia: The marvelous world of sound during the 17th Century, Acoustics Today, January 2009.

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WELL, Andrea. Perspective pictorum et architectorum Andreae Putei e Societate Jesu = Prospettiva de 'pittori e architetti by Andrea Pozzo della Compagnia di Giesú. Thin part [... seconda]. In Rome = Zu Rom: nella stamperia di Gio. Giacomo Komarek ... = gedruckht von Joann. Jacob Komarek ..., 1693-1700. 2 flights.

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Pozzo was a self-taught architect who was trained with the help of XNUMXth-century Italian tractors. He emphasized that architecture came from painting and the technique essential to any painter: perspective.

The treaty has a practical approach and, for the most part, is original. It was very popular and had a great impact. His studies of perspective, as well as his architectural designs, had long been an inspiration.

Both volumes of the treaty begin with a dedication followed by a brief prologue "To the Reader" (Ad readerum) and an index, and include a series of 101 and 116 engravings in each volume, with annexes in Latin and Italian.

Most of the prints are by Vincenzo Mariotti, a pupil of Pozzo. Volume 1 is dedicated to Emperor Leopold I (reigned 1658 to 1705) and volume 2 to his son Joseph I (1705-1711). After the Latin and Italian covers, each volume contains an allegorical representation referring to the study of architecture. A second preface, Monita ad Tyrones, ("Beginner's Note") introduces the first volume and explains the gradual construction of the treaty, which is presented as a manual.

Volume 1 begins with simple exercises focusing on the perspective representation of the square. It follows with exercises that rely on different architectural elements and structured stone groups, and then some Pozzo projects for altars and theater sets. The last sheets are dedicated to the fresco on the roof of the main ship of Sant'Ignazio (discovered in 1694, two years after the first volume was published). Its construction in perspective was the didactic and theoretical object of the first volume. Volume II focuses on complex building exercises as well as projects for other churches.

Various editions of the treaty were published in the 1700th century, and it was widely disseminated in favor of the extension of the Jesuit order (to which Andrea Pozzo belonged) around the world. The first translations into French and German were published in 1707. In 1708, a bilingual text in Latin and English was published in London, and in XNUMX in Brussels in Latin and Flemish.

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BLONDEL, Francois. cours d'architecture I taught at the Academie royale d'architecture

BLONDEL, Francois. Cours d'architecture I taught in the Academie royale d'architecture, premiere [.. cinquieme] partie: ou sont explicit the terms, the origin & the principles of architecture, & you practice it from the fifth orders by suppressing the doctrine of Vitruve & de ses principaux sectateurs, & suivant celle des trois plus habiles architectes, who is a writer among the modern, who is Vignole, Palladio & Scamozzi / dedicated au Roy par M. François Blondel, from the Academie royale des sciences ...

In Paris: from Lambert Roulland's imprimerie, in the maison de Antoine Vitré, ruë du Foin, chez Pierre Auboin & François Clouzier is sold, near the Hotel de Monseigneur le Premier President, court du Palais, à la fleur de lis, et chez les mesmes sur le quay des Grands Augustins, à la fleur de lis d'or, M.DC.LXXXXVI [1696]

In Paris: Chez l'Auteur au Faux-Bourg Saint Germain rüe Jacob, au coin de celle de Saint Benoît et Nicholas Langlois rüe S. Jâcques à la victoire, M.DC.LXXXXVI

To Paris: from the printing house of François le Cointe rüe des Sept-Voyes, near the College de Reims.

El Courses of Architecture, who contributed greatly to the systematic study of orders, was composed of the author's lectures at the Académie, where he was professor and director from 1671 until his death in 1686. It is the first organized course of 'architecture in France and initiated a new genre of architectural treaty. A large part is devoted to the scholarly commentary and comparison of Vitruvius, Alberti, Vignola, Palladio, and Scarmozzi. The sections are accompanied by tables and complicated comparative diagrams of the proportions.

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BIBIENA, Ferdinando Galli. The Architettura civile prepares its geometry and ridotta alle prospettive considerzuioni pratiche.

In Parma: by Paolo Monti, 1711.

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Ferdinando Galli, the father of Giuseppe Galli Bibiena, sought to unify painting and architecture, as Andrea Pozzo, using the concept of perspective in this manual, relying on the specific art of stage design, in which he was a specialist. set designer and renovator of theaters in Genoa, Milan, Turin, Venice, Rome and Naples.

The Architettura civile (first edition) is a treaty, divided into five parts and illustrated with diagrams and engravings, which studies the history, theory and practice, of perspective and the quadrature. After reviewing the contributions of leading architecture theorists and painters interested in perspective issues, the treaty focuses on Part IV, documenting the various perspective techniques developed by him, including the veduta by angolo which replaced the central perspective inherited from Renaissance painting.

Its historical significance stems from the widespread dissemination of this text.

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LAUGIER, Marc-Antoine. Essai sur l'architecture. In Paris: chez Duchesne, rue S. Jacques, au Temple du Goût, M.DCC.LIII [1753]

LAUGIER, Marc-Antoine. Essai sur l'architecture. Nouvelle edition, revue, corrigée, & I have now added a dictionnaire des terms et des planches who facilitating the explanation.

To Paris: Chez Duchesne ..., 1755

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Despite its modest presentation (small eighth books without illustrations), Laugier's books had an immediate impact.

Seconds Richard A. Etlin: "L'Essai he was at the forefront of the three main issues of the moment: architectural composition, town planning and landscape architecture. Following the example of Nouveau traité de toute l'architetture de Cordemoy (2nd ed. 1714), Laugier denounces the "abuses" of Baroque architecture (split pediments, back-to-back columns, pilasters) and, in doing so, goes on to offer a model of construction for the future in his memorable description of the primitive cabin. At the same time that Jean-Jacques Rousseau was exploring the myth of the good savage in order to determine the foundations of human nature and society, Laugier returned to the origins of architecture, based on structural logic. and formal of the Greek temple, to establish the principles of architectural design. And in doing so, Laugier also diminished the importance given in architectural theory to debates around the proportions of orders, to be given to questions of composition by using pure geometric shapes. "

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Bibliography on ancient books consulted

PLACEK, Adolf K., ed. Avery's choice: five centuries of great architectural books: one hundred years of an architectural library, 1890-1990. New York: GK Hall, 1997. ISBN 0783815972

Theory of architecture: from the Renaissance to the present. 89 articles on 117 Treaties. Cologne [etc]: Taschen, cop. 2003. ISBN 3822825220

The Mark J. Millard architectural collection. Washington: National Gallery of Art; New York: George Braziller, 1993-

Contains: 1. French books, sixteenth through nineteenth centuries. 2. British books, seventeenth through nineteenth centuries / catalog entries, Robin Middleton ... [et al.] 3. Northern European books, sixteenth to early nineteenth centuries. 4. Italian and Spanish books, fifteenth through nineteenth centuries

WIEBENSON, Dora, ed. The Architecture Treaties: from Alberti to Ledoux. Madrid: Hermann Blume, 1988. ISBN 847214397X

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Last update: 23 / 02 / 2020