The structure of the work should be formed, at least, by These mandatory elements: cover, summary, introduction, body of work, conclusions and / or recommendations and bibliography. Additionally, if any, one of these elements may be considered optional: summary, list of abbreviations and symbols, annexes and alphabetical index.
- Cover. It is the source that allows to identify the work. The data to be stated depend on the type of work, but some of the fundamental ones are: the title, the author, the subject, professor and group, director, university department, the degree chosen (in case of dissertations and final projects), and date of submission. After the cover one or more blank sheets are usually left courtesy.
- Summary. It is a brief text, about 250 in 500 words written in a standardized way in accordance with ISO 214, which informs about the content and nature of the document, so that the reader can decide if he wants to read it whole work The objectives, the methods, the results and the conclusions using the standard terminology of the subject are stated specially.
- Content table or table. The title of all sections and subdivisions must be entered by order of appearance in the text with the indication of the page where they begin. If there are illustrations and numbered boxes, it is customary to make a separate summary.
- List of abbreviations and symbols. It is compulsory to state what a priori can not be easily understood by the readers, although the easiest thing to do is to indicate all the ones used throughout the work
- Introduction. The purpose and objectives, the motivation, the scope (chronological, geographic, typological, etc.) and its justification, a general comment about the documents consulted and the methodology used, the general acknowledgments and the Closing date for the different stages of work.
Body of work It must be divided into numbered homogeneous chapters that could be grouped into four broad areas: theory, method, results and discussion.
- Conclusions and / or recommendations. They must be the result of the clear and ordered presentation of the deductions made during the work.
- Bibliography. The set of documents consulted, mentioned or not, throughout the work, form the bibliography which is presented at the end of the work arranged chronologically or alphabetically. Bibliographies ordered by topic, with or without comments, that serve to present the state of the issue with documents that have not been cited throughout the work are usually given as an annex.
- Annex. Its purpose can be to complete the body of the work with information that has not been addressed so as not to break the logical and ordered presentation, or to offer complementary information that helps understand the methods used. Other complementary materials, hardly interchangeable, such as maps, samples, photographs, glossaries, etc. can also be included. The supplementary information of the work included in the annexes must be cited at the end of each of them.
- Alphabetical index. They complement the summaries with more specific access points. Since work can be used to find very specific data, it is very useful for the reader to find them quickly. The generation of an alphabetical index of concepts, names of people, institutions, or significant sites is currently feasible through word processors.