INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY

Avoid plagiarism

El plagiarism It is the false attribution of a work or part of it. Therefore, so is the inclusion in the work itself of a part of the work of others to whom it has not been mentioned.

On the other hand, the right of transformation of a work is the right to its translation, adaptation or any other modification in its form which derives a different work (art. 21 LPI). Except for works that are free of intellectual property (art. 13 LPI) or that are in the public domain (art. 41 LPI), no work can be transformed without the authorization of the author or holder of the rights.

The attempt to conceal the plagiarism sometimes involves the modification of a work without the authorization or the recognition of the original author, which violates both his moral and transformational right.

Taking into account the protection object included in thearticle 10 of the Intellectual Property Law (LPI), it is necessary to consider that there are several types of documents that can be plagiarized:

  • Scientific and literary works: books, reports, conferences, magazine articles, ...
  • Dramatic and theatrical works
  • Cinematographic and audiovisual works
  • Musical compositions
  • Artistic, photographic and plastic works: images, engravings, sculptures, paintings, drawings, ...
  • Projects, plans, models and designs of architectural or engineering works
  • Charts, maps and topographic, geographic and scientific designs
  • Computer programs
  • Databases, web pages and multimedia works

Instead, original works or ideas, common knowledge or the collection of the results of an original research is not considered plagiarism.

When an author creates a new work he must take into account the following aspects in order to avoid possible plagiarism:

Take notes

  • You should always note the reference of the sources consulted, of the type they are: a recording, a doctoral thesis, an image, statistical or graphic data, etc.
  • In this way, once the work has been completed, both the bibliography used and the works cited in the work may be correctly cited.

Include snippets of works or images of third parties as an appointment

  • They must use quotation marks (") or indents to indicate the texts of third parties included in the work itself.
  • The texts can be transcribed verbatim, in the original language, or translated into another language. In the latter case, it should be clearly indicated.
  • The bibliographical references of the sources of information from where the texts, images or any other document mentioned have been extracted.
  • Keep in mind that the inclusion of fragments or images is not correct without stating that it is a citation, even if the source is included in the bibliography (for example, without enclosing the quoted text with quotation marks).

Original text "Cognitive computing begins to apply to a large number of health information to identify patients with a higher risk of illness or readmission, thus preventative care is improved and more effective use of health resources is made".
Source: Torres, J .; Valero, M., 2015. Wiser computers La Vanguardia. 19 May 2015, no. 48004, p. 24
Citation Currently, "cognitive computing is beginning to apply to a large number of healthcare data to identify patients with a higher risk of illness or readmission, thus preventive care is improved and more effective use of health resources is made". (Torres and Valero 2015)
Translated citation Currently, "cognitive computing is beginning to be applied to a large number of health data to identify patients with a higher risk of illness or readmission, thus preventative care is improved and more effective use of health resources is carried out." (Torres and Valero 2015, translated from Spanish)
Bibliography

Torres, J .; Valero, M., 2015. Wiser computers La Vanguardia. 19 May 2015, no. 48004, p. 24.

Paraphrase

  • As set by the dictionary Cercaterm , a paraphrasi is a "construction that contains the same information as another, but with a different syntactic structure."
  • Paraphrases allow the ideas of another person to be used, but using their own words, that is, understanding the information of an original work and being able to express the idea using the form of expression itself (for which reason the synonyms, the verbal time, the structure of the phrases, etc. can be very useful).
  • Whether paraphrasing or citing an author, it is necessary to include the complete bibliography of the original source.

Original text "Cognitive computing begins to apply to a large number of health information to identify patients with a higher risk of illness or readmission, thus preventative care is improved and more effective use of health resources is made".
Source: Torres, J .; Valero, M., 2015. Wiser computers La Vanguardia. 19 May 2015, no. 48004, p. 24
Paraphrase Currently, as Torres i Valero (2015) analyzes, the incipient application of cognitive computing to the large volume of available health data allows the identification of patients that can be the object of healthcare more likely. This identification increases the quality of preventive care as well as the efficiency in the use of health resources.
Bibliography Torres, J .; Valero, M., 2015. Wiser computers La Vanguardia. 19 May 2015, no. 48004, p. 24.

  • It is very important to remember that any quote or paraphrase requires the inclusion of the complete bibliographic reference of the fragments of works and the images created by third parties that have been incorporated into the work itself. In this way, the reader can easily locate the fragment or the original image that has been used.
  • Bibliographical references of the standardized sources must be written out according to a bibliographical citation pattern or a specific style manual (for example, the international standard ISO 690: 1987 (UNE 50-104-94)).
You will find more information at: Quote documents

One of the tools used to detect plagiarism is the computer programs created for this purpose.

The teaching staff and PAS of the UPC have antiplagi software Urkund , from which you can find more information on the web page:

Urkund at the UPC

Other free programs that can be found on the web are:

AntiPlagiarist 1.8

It detects, among others, the HTML, DOC, TXT and WPD formats.

Copygator:

It allows you to monitor your own RSS feeds and locate the places where your own content has been published.

Copyscape:

It offers a review of texts that are found on the web.

DOC Cop :

Generates reports that show correlation and match between documents or between a document and the web.

Dupli Checker:

Locate texts that can be found on web pages, with the possibility of limiting the search to a specific search engine.

JPlag:

It finds similarities between sets of source code files, which allows detecting the plagiarism of computer programs.

Moss (Measure of Similarity Software)

determines the similarity of computer programs.

Plagiarism: Net

It detects matches based on a specific text, file and / or URL

Plagium

Searches for a specific text on the network and returns the found documents where exact or similar content appears.

The Plagiarism Checker

designed for the University of Maryland at College Park (Department of Education) that facilitates web addresses where a text previously introduced by the user appears.
WCopyfind: Once the documents that you want to contrast are specified, it provides reports in html format where the underlined matching phrases are displayed

Other commercial plagiarism detection programs are:

CopyCatch Glatt Plagiarism EVE Plagiarism Detection System Grammarly
iThenticate Plagiarism Detect Turnitin Urkund

Lumen is a database that offers information on the alleged dissemination of content on the network without the authorization of the corresponding owner.

This research project mainly includes requests for removal of content online, sent to content publishers and service providers, which details who made the request and why (without authenticating the origin of the notice or doing no judgment on the validity of the claim made).

Contrary to what is usually thought, it is not necessary to carry out administrative procedures to register the authorship of a work.

However, there are several means whereby authors who wish to do so can register their works, identify them in a unique way, as well as grant licenses for use with which to detail the uses allowed to their users

You will find more information at: Protect authoring of publications.

Last update: 28 / 01 / 2019